The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994
and Low Voltage Electrical Equipment Regulations 1989
(Consumer Protection Act 1987)
The Electrical Equipment Regulations came into force on 9th January 1995.
Both sets of Regulations relate to the supply of electrical equipment designed with a working voltage of between 50 & 1000 volts a.c. (or between 75 & 1500 d.c.), acting as secondary legislation under the Consumer Protection Act 1987 (the 'Act'). Because the Regulations operate with the same definition of 'supplier' as the Consumer Protection Act, then letting agents and landlords letting in the 'course of business' are liable as suppliers. The Regulations impose the obligation on the supplier of such goods to ensure that they are 'safe' as defined by Section 19 of the Act - so that there is no risk of injury or death to humans or pets, or risk of damage to property.
The Regulations cover all mains voltage household electric goods including cookers, kettles, toasters, electric blankets, washing machines, immersion heaters, etc. BUT under the Consumer Protection Act 1987, s11 the Regulations do not apply to items attached to land. This is generally considered to exclude the fixed electrical wiring and built-in appliances (eg. cental heating systems) from the Regulations.
In the case of letting agents or landlords letting in the course of business, the electrical equipment 'supplied' will invariably be second-hand and little further information will be available (e.g. receipts, safety certificates, instruction manuals, etc.).